Upload your photos or share your experience with us! Nestling picturesquely among two imposing mountain ranges – Idi (Mt Psiloritis) to the west and Dikti (Lasithiotika mountains) to the east– Heraklion boasts exceptional archaeological treasures, significant coastal settlements, a series of picturesque villages, vast valleys with olive groves and vineyards as well as the best organised tourist infrastructure in Crete. It is relatively long and narrow, stretching for 160 miles (260 km) on its east-west axis and varying in width from 7.5 to 37 miles (12 to 60 km). Don't miss the opportunity to visit many wineries, where you will get to know the varieties of the Cretan terrain, the special local gastronomy and – let’s not forget – the outstanding Cretan hospitality! The local gastronomy is popular not only in Greece but also in the whole world. And more? In the wake of the devastation the Dorians arrived to settle on the island. The truth behind the myth is the existence of a mighty and wealthy kingdom and of a civilisation that is considered the most ancient one on the European continent. Where to eat? The largest and most densely populate region on the island of Crete is Heraklion (pronounced Iraklion). The island’s east-west mountainous range consists of four main groups that rise to the island’s highest point, Ídi mountain, 8,058 feet (2,456 metres) in elevation. Feel the essence of Incredible Crete in this mountainous, remote and self-sufficient region of the island of Crete. Unique beaches with crystal water are waited to be explored by you! Lasithi (Lassíthi) region. Updates? Wandering around the Old Town’s maze-like alleys with the beautiful Venetian mansions, the fountains and the elaborate churches will help you discover well-preserved historical monuments. Crete is, after all, a small universe teeming with beauties and treasures that you will probably need a lifetime to uncover! In that cave, Zeus was brought up by the nymphs while the demonical Kouretes would strike their shields loudly so that Cronus may not hear the crying of the baby Zeus and eat it. A smaller airport in Siteía handles domestic flights. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? GNTO © 2020. Lay under the sun, feel the water gently lapping at your feet, gaze out to the endless sea, take a dip into the paradise waters… Visiting the best beaches in Crete is a bucket list experience! Not to mention Chania town and Heraklion town some of the biggest towns in Crete, which boast a magnificent medieval architecture. In 1913, Crete was finally joined officially with Greece. The Cretan State was created with the King of Greece as the island’s High Commissioner. Crete is the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean and the largest of the islands forming part of modern Greece. Let’s explore Crete island! It is located in the southern part of the Aegean Sea separating the Aegean from the Libyan Sea. They were later followed by the Romans. After the fall of Chandakas in 1669, the Turkish Occupation began marked by ferocious and bloody uprisings. Visitgreece.gr is the official tourism web site for Greece, run by the Greek National Tourism Organisation, where you'll find information on the main tourist destinations, such as cities, beaches, as well as activities, events and much more! Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Author of. The population consists almost entirely of Cretans who speak Greek and belong to the Greek Orthodox Church. Do not hesitate to ask the community! Cruise ships also provide a large proportion of tourists, while large numbers of summer residents and retirees from northern Europe also add to the population. Cretans are known for their hospitality and vitality, and much emphasis is placed on bonds between family members. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Crete Greece is, hands down, one of the most magical Greek islands! Precipitation in that region is much higher than elsewhere on the island, and the mountains are often covered with snow in the winter (November to May), which may remain on the highest peaks throughout much of the year. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Greeka. Vai, the one and only palm forest of Europe! Crete has a rich history and culture. After the Roman rule, Crete becomes a province of Byzantium until the arrival of the Arabs who occupied the island for an entire century (824-961 BC). Omissions? Flowers and cacti on a hill in Crete, Greece. Experiencing truegreece moments in Rethymno. To the west the Lefká (“White”) Mountains reach 8,045 feet (2,452 metres), and to the east the Díkti Mountains extend to 7,047 feet (2,148 metres) in elevation. Upload your photos until October 31st, 2020. The air in the mountains is temperate and cool. Stock breeding of sheep and goats is widespread, providing the island’s greatly esteemed yogurt as well as edible meat. Island hopping package with Santorini and Crete, from 858€, Island hopping package with Santorini and Crete, from 858€. The northern coasts of Crete are more developed in tourism, while the southern coasts keep a more secluded environment. Photos | Beaches | How to get there | Where to stay | More. In 1450 BC and again in 1400 BC the Minoan Civilization was successively devastated possibly due to the eruption of the volcano of Thera and was eventually led to its decline. In Minoan times, even Attica would pay a tribute tax to Crete, until Theseus, the Athenian prince, killed the Minotaur. Greeka? Unemployment is relatively low on Crete, with a large proportion of its labour force employed in the services sector, notably in occupations related to tourism. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Crete is the largest island in Greece, and the fifth largest one in the Mediterranean Sea. Because the Mediterranean has been overfished since the 1960s, fishing does not significantly contribute to the island’s economic prosperity, but it satisfies local needs. It is relatively long and narrow, stretching for 160 miles (260 km) on its east-west axis and varying in width from 7.5 to 37 miles (12 to 60 km). You’ll have the first taste of its historical past just by wandering in the Chania town. Mythology has it that it was in a cave of Crete where the goddess Rhea hid the newborn Zeus. Crete has to import all but the most basic items, including fuels. Info for travelling by boat on greek islands! Holidays in Crete can be both busy or secluded, depending on your preferences. All content included on this site consists intellectual property of GNTO and you are not allowed to reproduce the whole or part of this work in any way. The flourishing culinary scene of Crete island is based on fresh, locally produced ingredients that are used by talented local chefs to create the most luscious traditional dishes.
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