variation, Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, Classical Hennig-Schara) Gambit, Krause Variation (aka. Semi-open games: 1.e4, Black plays other than 1...e5, Flank openings (including English, Réti, Bird's, and White fianchettos). The Stonewall is characterized by the White pawn formation on c3, d4, e3, and f4, and can be achieved by several move orders and against many different Black setups. Black has twenty possible responses to White's opening move. Of the defenses to 1.d4 other than 1...d5 and 1...Nf6, the most important are the Dutch Defense and the Benoni Defense. The Benko Gambit is often played by strong players, and is very popular at lower levels. The Perenyi Attack, which arises from the opening moves 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 a6 6.Be3 e6 7.g4 e5 8.Nf5 g6 9.g5 gxf5 10.exf5 d5 11.Qf3 d4.  The initial position is obtained by placing four knights on the first row and all other pieces from a chess set (except pawns) on the remaining fields. Chess openings are listed and classified according to their first few moves. The idea behind this is that playing first gives White a slight initial advantage; for example, White will be the first to attack if the game opens symmetrically (Black mirrors White's moves).. The King's Indian Attack (KIA) is a system of development that White may use in reply to almost any Black opening moves. The King's Indian Defense is aggressive, somewhat risky, and generally indicates that Black will not be satisfied with a draw. The games have their own institutions and traditions. System, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Rubinstein Variation, Fischer The openings were published in five volumes of ECO, with volumes labeled "A" through "E". System, Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defence, Tartakower The reason is that some degree of understanding is needed before the details of an opening can be grasped. They are also examples of Systems, rather than specific opening variations. A number of variants have been developed where the playing area is in three dimensions or more. loses a pawn.) Although some of these openings are not actually bad for White, each of the twelve remaining possible first moves suffers one or more of the following defects compared to the more popular choices: For a list of openings as classified by the. Rauzer / Riumin Variation), Hungarian (or Accelerated Fianchetto) Variation, Rossolimo (or Hispano-Sicilian) Variation, to Paulsen/Scheveningen/Taimanov Variations, Sicilian Counter-Attack (aka. Some of these games have developed independently while others are ancestors or relatives of modern chess. Some analysis goes to thirty or thirty-five moves, as in the classical King's Indian Defense and in the Najdorf variation of the Sicilian Defense. Opening nomenclature developed haphazardly, and most names are historical accidents not based on systematic principles. Distinguished by the move 3...d5, Grünfeld intended it as an improvement to the King's Indian which was not considered entirely satisfactory at that time. The term can refer to the initial moves by either side, White or Black, but an opening by Black may also be known as a defense. Often Black adopts a slightly different move order, playing 2...e6 before 3...c5 in order to avoid the sharpest lines for White. Chess experts have come up with numerous variations, and a wide variety of strategic plans are available to both white and black. Nf3, Nc6… line), Nimzo-Indian Defence, Rubinstein Variation (main A few opening names are descriptive, such as Giuoco Piano (Italian: quiet game). FULL GROUP-LIST of all major A simple descriptive categorization of the chess opening is King's Pawn Openings, Queen's Pawn Openings, and Others. Variation, Nimzo-Indian Defence, Rubinstein Variation, (main Short Group-List page. Some opening names honor two people, such as the Caro–Kann. , A new sequence of moves in the opening is referred to as a theoretical novelty. Bg5, Black plays to open lines on the queenside where White will be subject to considerable pressure. The movement of pieces in some variants is modified in concurrence with the geometry of the gameboard.