shotokan katas

The kiai or "spirit cry" as it is sometimes referred to, occurs only at certain pre-determined moments in each kata. Copyright 2020, all rights reserved. Beyond helping Karate students to practice kicks and strikes, kata is also used by instructors to improve a student’s physical conditioning, muscle memory, focus/concentration, balance, etc. Bunkai is usually performed with a partner or a group of partners which execute predefined attacks, and the student performing the kata responds with defences, counterattacks, or other actions, based on a part of the kata. Stuck at home? Gojushiho Dai (五十四歩大) Means ~ 54 steps Introduced by ~Yasutsune Itosu17. Additional Kata Used By Some Shotokan Schools & Organizations. Funakoshi had many students at the university clubs and outside dojos, who continued to teach karate after his death in 1957. At no extra cost to you, we make a small commission if you buy products via the affiliate links below. This site is for informational purposes only. Even today, many thousands of Shotokan Dojo practice these 26 Kata only (leaving out 1. Shotokan was the name of the first dojo built by the founder of Shotokan Karate, Gichin Funakoshi. 1. Many other shotokan dojo have added Taikyoku shodan to the JKA list, which gives us the 27 kata below. Every Shotokan karate Kata you're ever likely to need is now available in one book - from beginner to advanced black belt grades. Shoto means “pine waves” or the movement of pine branches as the wind bows through the trees. Developed by Master Funakoshi’s son, Gigo, Taikyoku helps new students learn basic kata principles. All martial arts techniques and exercises should be supervised by a trained martial arts instructor in order to prevent injuries and to ensure the proper technique is utilized. As an Amazon Associate, this website earns from qualifying purchases. At no extra cost to you, we make a small commission if you buy products via the affiliate links below. Virtually all of the katas taught today in the Shotokan system have two kiai points. Jion (慈恩) Means ~ Thought to be named after the Chinese temple Jion-ji. Click on the kata below for instructions & videos. Shotokan Karate is comprised of 26 katas, each with their own emphasis on fast and slow or controlled and powerfull movements. This page provides written & video instructions for the 26 main Shotokan katas. Heian Sandan (平安三段) Means ~ Peaceful way third level Introduced by ~ Yasutsune Itosu5. Jitte (十手)Means ~ Ten hands and comes from Tomari te18. Some martial arts require students to perform bunkai for promotion. It may also illustrate how to improve technique by adjusting distances, time moves properly, and adapt a technique depending on the size of an opponent. & related assets are properties of Black Belt Wiki LLC. ), To see the playlist, click on the top-left icon inside the youtube window. Techniques in kihon and kata are characterised by deep, long stances that provide stability, enable powerful movements, and strengthen the legs. Martial arts books are great tools to supplement the information being taught by your martial arts instructor (i.e. However, if in doubt, check with your Sensei/Instructor because some Shotokan Karate schools use slightly different kata formats and/or include additional katas from other Karate styles into their curriculum. Hangetsu (半月) Means ~ Half Moon Introduced by ~ Bushi Matsumura12. Tekki Shodan (鉄騎初段) Means ~ Iron Horse first level Introduced by ~ Yasutsune Itosu8. It is one of the most traditional kata in Shotokan. Sochin (壯鎭) Means ~ Preserve Peace Introduced by ~Yoshitika Funakoshi14. The movement and performance lines are similar. The following is a list of all 26 katas, number of moves, meaning and a demonstration video. The kiai or "spirit cry" as it is sometimes referred to, occurs only at certain pre-determined moments in each kata. Bassai Dai (披塞大) Means ~ To storm a fortress (dai=major) Introduced by ~ Peichin.9. of moves Kata meaning; Heian Shodan: 21 "Peacefull Mind One" Heian Nidan: 26 "Peacefull Mind Two" Heian Sandan: 20 "Peacefull Mind Three" Heian Yondan: 27 "Peacefull Mind Four" Many different Karate styles use kata in order to help students practice certain moves (i.e. Several Shotokan groups have introduced other shotokan kata and kata from other styles, into their training, but when the JKA (Japan Karate Association) was formed by Nakayama Sensei, he put forward these 26 kata (not including takyoku shodan or kihon kata), as the training kata for the JKA karateka. To properly understand these techniques, you need to learn them from a martial arts instructor who can provide you with an in-depth explanation of the technique, help correct your mistakes, answer your questions and detail how the technique should be utilized. Gojushiho Sho (五十四歩小) Means ~ 54 steps Introduced by ~ Yasutsune Itosu, Terms and Conditions     Privacy policy     Contact. For information on the katas of other Karate styles (i.e. Kata is the Japanese word used for form. Whereas some martial arts question the value of kata, most Karate schools think that kata is an essential tool in order to train karate students. 太極初段 Taikyoku Shodan – (first cause) Then explore the high quality striking bags & martial arts equipment below. Originated from Okinawa as well and were known as Naihanchi. Moreover, after the first eight katas, many Shotokan Karate schools have their kata in different orders/sequences based on the preference of the school’s Sensei. The name "Shotokan" comes from the name "Shoto," which was Funakoshi's pen name, meaning 'waving or billowing pine'. We appreciate that many Shotokan Dojo practice more kata, but here, we are just going to mention the 27 standard Shotokan kata that are practiced by thousands of karateka all over the world. A single kata may be broken into anywhere from a few to a few dozen applications, and the same sequence of kata moves may sometimes be interpreted in different ways resulting in several bunkai. Tekki Sandan (鉄騎三段) Means ~ Iron Horse third level Introduced by ~ Yasutsune Itosu21. In Shotokan, kata is not a performance or a demonstration, but is for individual karateka to practice full techniques—with every technique potentially a killing blow; while paying particular attention to form and timing (rhythm). Shotokan Karate is comprised of 26 katas, each with their own emphasis on fast and slow or controlled and powerfull movements. It uses basic stances and techniques. Martial arts shoes help to protect feet & toes when kicking heavy bags, etc. Enpi (燕飛) Means ~ Flying swallow Introduced by ~ Wang Ji11. Shotokan (松濤館 Shōtōkan) is a style of karate, developed from various martial arts by Gichin Funakoshi (1868–1957) and his son Gigo (Yoshitaka) Funakoshi (1906–1945). As the karateka grows older, more emphasis is placed on the health benefits of practicing kata, promoting fitness while keeping the body soft, supple, and agile. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Kanku Dai (観空大) Means ~ To view the sky (dai=major) Introduced by ~ Kung Hsiang Chun10. In addition, all martial arts techniques and training should be used safely and responsibly. Gankaku (岩鶴) Means ~ Crane on a rock Introduced by ~ Bushi Matsumura19. 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